Topiramate (By mouth)
Uses of This Medicine
Topiramate is used alone or together with other medicines to help treat certain types of seizures (eg, partial seizures, tonic-clonic seizures, or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome). This medicine will not cure epilepsy and will only work to control seizures for as long as you continue to take it. It is also used to help prevent migraine headaches.
This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription.
Other uses (PubMed Health)
How To Use
Capsule, Long Acting Capsule, Tablet
Take your medicine as directed. Your dose may need to be changed several times to find what works best for you.
Tablet: Swallow whole. Do not break, crush, or chew the tablet. It has a very bitter taste.
Capsule or extended-release capsule: Do not crush or chew the capsule. Swallow whole or open the capsule and pour the medicine into a small amount (1 teaspoon) of soft food, such as applesauce. Swallow the mixture right away without chewing. Do not store the mixture for use at a later time.
Drink extra fluids so you will urinate more often and help prevent kidney problems.
This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for a copy if you do not have one.
Missed dose: Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose. If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If your next regular dose of Topamax® is less than 6 hours away, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. If you miss more than 1 dose of Topamax®, call your doctor for instructions.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
Do not drink alcohol with Qudexy™ XR or Topamax®. Do not drink alcohol for 6 hours before and 6 hours after you take the Trokendi XR™ capsule.
Some medicines can affect how topiramate works. Tell your doctor if you are using acetazolamide, dichlorphenamide, dichloralphenazone, digoxin, lithium, metformin, zonisamide, other medicine for seizures (such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproic acid), or birth control pills.
Tell your doctor if you are using any medicine that makes you sleepy, such as allergy medicine or narcotic pain medicine.
When Not To Use
This medicine is not right for everyone. Do not use it if you had an allergic reaction to topiramate, or if you are pregnant.
It is not safe to take this medicine during pregnancy. It could harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, glaucoma, lung or breathing problems, osteoporosis, or a history of depression or mood disorders. Tell your doctor if you are on a ketogenic diet (high in fat and low in carbohydrates).
This medicine may cause the following problems:Eye pain or vision changes, including glaucoma Changes in body temperature Metabolic acidosis (too much acid in the blood) Kidney stones
This medicine may make you dizzy, drowsy, or tired. Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
Do not stop using this medicine suddenly. Your doctor will need to slowly decrease your dose before you stop it completely.
Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.
Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Possible side effects
Summary More details
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
Changes in vision, eye pain
Confusion, problems with walking, clumsiness, dizziness, or trouble talking, concentrating, or remembering
Feeling agitated, depressed, nervous, or irritable, thoughts of hurting yourself or others, unusual mood or behavior
Fever, decreased sweating
Numbness, tingling, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
Rapid, deep breathing, loss of appetite, fast or uneven heartbeat
Vomiting, unusual drowsiness, tiredness, or weakness
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
Change in taste
Stuffy or runny nose
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
More side effects of this drug
Brand names include
Qudexy XR, Topamax, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
There may be other brand names for this medicine.