Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)
About Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)
Bronchopulmonary (BRONG-ko-PUL-mo-NAR-e) (dis-PLA-ze-ah), or BPD, is a serious lung condition that affects infants. BPD mostly affects premature infants who need (oxygen given through nasal prongs, a mask, or a breathing tube).
Most infants who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds (about 1,000 grams) at birth, and have breathing problems. Infections that occur before or shortly after birth also can contribute to BPD.
Some infants who have BPD may need long-term breathing support from nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) machines or ventilators.
Many babies who develop BPD are born with serious (RDS). RDS is a breathing disorder that mostly affects premature newborns. These infants’ aren’t fully formed or aren’t able to make enough surfactant (sur-FAK-tant)…