Cardiac Septal Defects
The is a wall of which separates the left from the right heart. Defects allow to flow from the right side of the heart to the left, reducing the heart’s efficiency.
About Cardiac Septal Defects (Holes in the Heart)
Holes in the are simple (kon-JEN-ih-tal) heart defects. are problems with the heart’s structure that are present at birth. These defects change the normal flow of through the heart.
The has two sides, separated by an inner wall called the . With each heartbeat, the right side of the heart receives -poor from the body and pumps it to the . The left side of the heart receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs and pumps it to the body.
The prevents mixing of between the two sides of the . However, some babies are born with holes in the upper or lower septum.
A hole in the between the ‘s two upper is called an (). A hole in the septum between the heart’s two lower chambers is called a (VSD).
ASDs and VSDs allow to pass from…