Ibuprofen (By mouth)
Uses of This Medicine
Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat mild to moderate pain, and helps to relieve symptoms of arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or juvenile arthritis), such as inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. This medicine does not cure arthritis and will help you only as long as you continue to take it .
In addition, ibuprofen can be used to treat fever, menstrual cramps, and other conditions as determined by your doctor .
This medicine is available both over-the-counter (OTC) and with your doctor’s prescription .
Other uses (PubMed Health)
How To Use
Capsule, Liquid Filled Capsule, Suspension, Tablet, Chewable Tablet
Your doctor will tell you how much medicine to use. Do not use more than directed.
Prescription ibuprofen should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for the Medication Guide if you do not have one.
Follow the instructions on the medicine label if you are using this medicine without a prescription.
Take this medicine with food or milk if it upsets your stomach.
Oral liquid: Shake well just before using. Measure with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup.
Chewable tablet: Chew completely before you swallow it. Then drink some water to make sure you swallow all of the medicine.
For Children: Ask your pharmacist if you are not sure how much medicine to give a child. The dose is usually based on weight, not age. Never give more medicine than directed.
For Adults: Do not take more than 6 pills in 1 day (24 hours) unless your doctor tells you to.
Missed dose: If you take this medicine on a regular basis and miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Do not freeze the oral liquid.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
Some foods and medicine can affect how ibuprofen works. Tell your doctor if you are also using lithium, methotrexate, a blood thinner (such as warfarin), a steroid medicine (such as hydrocortisone, prednisolone, prednisone), a diuretic (water pill), or an ACE inhibitor blood pressure medicine.
Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medicine.
When Not To Use
Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, liver disease, asthma, lupus or a similar connective tissue disease, or a history of ulcers or other digestion problems. Tell your doctor if you smoke or have heart or blood circulation problems, including high blood pressure, heart failure (CHF), or bleeding problems.
This medicine may cause the following problems:Bleeding and ulcers in the stomach or intestines Higher risk of heart attack or stroke Liver damage Kidney damage Vision problems
Call your doctor if symptoms get worse, pain lasts more than 10 days, or fever lasts more than 3 days.
This medicine might contain sugar or phenylalanine (aspartame).
Tell any doctor or dentist who treats you that you are using this medicine.
Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Possible side effects
Summary More details
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
Change in how much or how often you urinate
Chest pain, trouble breathing, weakness on one side of your body, severe headache, trouble seeing or talking, pain in your lower leg
Severe stomach pain, vomiting blood, bloody or black, tarry stools
Swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet, rapid weight gain
Trouble seeing, blind spots, change in how you see colors
Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
Dizziness, headache, ringing in the ears
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
More side effects of this drug
Brand names include
A-G Profen, Actiprofen, Addaprin, Advil, Advil Children’s, Advil Liqui-Gels, Advil Migraine, Advil Pediatric, All-Purpose First Aid Kit, Bufen, Children’s Ibuprofen, Children’s Motrin, Children’s Motrin Berry Flavor, Children’s Motrin Bubble Gum Flavor, Children’s Motrin Grape Flavor, Comfort Pac, Concentrated Motrin Infants’ Drops, Equate Children’s Ibuprofen – Berry, Equate Children’s Ibuprofen – Berry – Dye Free, Genpril, Good Neighbor Cap-Profen, Good Neighbor Ibuprofen Infants’, Good Neighbor Pharmacy Children’s Ibuprofen, Good Neighbor Pharmacy Ibuprofen, Good Neighbor Pharmacy Ibuprofen Junior Strength, Haltran, I-Prin, Ibu, Ibu-2, Ibu-200, Ibu-4, Ibu-6, Ibu-8, Ibu-Tab, Ibuprohm, Infants’ Motrin, Midol, Motrin, Nuprin, Personnelle Children’s Ibuprofen – Berry, Personnelle Children’s Ibuprofen – Grape, Proprinal, Q-Profen
There may be other brand names for this medicine.