Ketoconazole (On the skin)
Antifungal, Antiseborrheic (About this – PubMed Health)
Uses of This Medicine
Ketoconazole cream is used to treat:
Ringworm of the body (tinea corporis);
Ringworm of the groin (tinea cruris; jock itch);
Ketoconazole foam or gel is used to treat seborrheic dermatitis (scaly areas on your skin or scalp).
Ketoconazole 1% shampoo is used to treat dandruff.
Ketoconazole 2% shampoo is used to treat “sun fungus” (tinea versicolor; pityriasis versicolor).
This medicine may also be used for other fungus infections of the skin as determined by your doctor.
Most forms of this medicine are available only with your doctor’s prescription. Some forms are available without a prescription. However, your doctor may have special instructions on the proper use for your medical condition.
Other uses (PubMed Health)
How To Use
Your doctor will tell you how much medicine to use. Do not use more than directed.
This medicine is for use on the skin only. Do not get it in your eyes, nose, mouth, or vagina. Do not use it on skin areas that have cuts or scrapes. If it does get on these areas, rinse it off right away.
Apply a thin layer to the affected area and the healthy skin right around the affected area. Rub it in gently.
If you are using the foam:Do not spray it directly on your hand because it will begin to melt as soon as it touches your skin. Instead, spray the foam into the cap of the medicine can or other cool surface. Then dip your fingertips into the foam to pick up small amounts of the medicine, and apply to the affected skin areas. Gently massage the foam into your skin until it disappears. If you are treating skin areas with hair, such as your scalp, move any hair away so the foam can be applied directly to the affected skin. Do not wash the areas where you applied this medicine for at least 3 hours after you apply it. This medicine is flammable. Do not use it near heat, an open flame, or while smoking. Do not puncture, break, or burn the foam can.
If you are using the gel:Cosmetics (makeup or sunscreens) may be put on the affected areas 20 minutes after you apply the medicine. This medicine is flammable. Do not use it near heat, an open flame, or while smoking.
If a dose is missed:
Apply a dose as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and apply a regular dose. Do not apply extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine:
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
Ask your pharmacist or doctor how to dispose of the medicine container and any leftover or expired medicine.
Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
When Not To Use
You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to ketoconazole.
Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
Do not use this medicine to treat a skin problem your doctor has not examined.
Stop using this medicine and check with your doctor right away if you or your child have a skin rash, burning, stinging, swelling, or irritation on the skin.
This medicine may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Wear sunscreen. Do not use sunlamps or tanning beds.
Your doctor will check your progress and the effects of this medicine at regular visits. Keep all appointments.
Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse.
Possible side effects
Summary More details
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
Burning where you applied the medicine.
Eye irritation, dryness, swelling, or redness.
Numbness, prickling, “pins and needles”, or tingling feelings.
Swelling of the face.
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
More side effects of this drug
Brand names include
Extina, Ketodan Kit, Ketoderm, Kuric, Nizoral, Nizoral A-D, Xolegel
There may be other brand names for this medicine.