Metoprolol (By mouth)
Uses of This Medicine
Metoprolol is used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks.
Metoprolol is also used to treat severe chest pain (angina) and lowers the risk of repeated heart attacks. It is given to people who have already had a heart attack. In addition, metoprolol is used to treat patients with heart failure.
This medicine is a beta-blocker. It works by affecting the response to nerve impulses in certain parts of the body, like the heart. As a result, the heart beats slower and decreases the blood pressure. When the blood pressure is lowered, the amount of blood and oxygen is increased to the heart.
This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription.
Other uses (PubMed Health)
How To Use
Tablet, Long Acting Tablet
Take your medicine as directed. Your dose may need to be changed several times to find what works best for you.
Take this medicine with a meal or right after a meal. Take this medicine the same way every day, at the same time.
Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water. You may break the extended-release tablet in half, but do not chew or crush it.
Missed dose: Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
Some medicines can affect how metoprolol works. Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following:Digoxin, dipyridamole, hydralazine, hydroxychloroquine, methyldopa, quinidine Medicine to treat depression (such as bupropion, clomipramine, desipramine, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline), medicine to treat mental illness (such as chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, haloperidol, thioridazine), medicine for heart rhythm problems (such as propafenone), HIV/AIDS medicine (such as ritonavir), medicine to treat a fungus infection (such as terbinafine), a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), an ergot medicine for headaches, a calcium channel blocker (such as amlodipine, diltiazem, verapamil), or an alpha blocker (such as clonidine, prazosin, reserpine, guanethidine)
When Not To Use
This medicine is not right for everyone. Do not use if you had an allergic reaction to metoprolol or similar medicines. Do not use this medicine if you have certain blood circulation or heart problems. Ask your doctor about these problems.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have blood vessel, heart, or circulation problems (such as heart failure, rhythm problems, or slow heartbeat). Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, lung disease (such as asthma), an overactive thyroid, or a history of allergies.
This medicine may cause worse symptoms of heart failure while the dose is being adjusted.
Do not stop using this medicine suddenly. Your doctor will need to slowly decrease your dose before you stop it completely.
Tell any doctor or dentist who treats you that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine several days before you have surgery or medical tests.
This medicine could lower your blood pressure too much, especially when you first use it or if you are dehydrated. Stand or sit up slowly if you feel lightheaded or dizzy.
This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
Your doctor will check your progress and the effects of this medicine at regular visits. Keep all appointments.
Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Possible side effects
Summary More details
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
Swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet, trouble breathing, tiredness
Worsening chest pain
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
Mild dizziness or tiredness
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
More side effects of this drug
Brand names include
Hypertensolol, Lopressor, Toprol XL
There may be other brand names for this medicine.