Bosentan (By mouth)
Antihypertensive (About this – PubMed Health)
Uses of This Medicine
Bosentan is used to treat the symptoms of pulmonary arterial hypertension. This is the high blood pressure that occurs in the main artery that carries blood from the right side of the heart (the ventricle) to the lungs. When the smaller blood vessels in the lungs become more resistant to blood flow, the right ventricle must work harder to pump enough blood through the lungs. Bosentan works by blocking a hormone (a naturally occurring substance), that is found in the blood and lungs in large quantities of the people with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Bosentan helps by increasing the supply of blood to the lungs and reducing the workload of the heart.
This medicine is available only under a special restricted distribution program called the Tracleer Access Program (T.A.P.).
Other uses (PubMed Health)
How To Use
Your doctor will tell you how much medicine to use. Do not use more than directed. If you take more medicine than you are supposed to, call your doctor right away.
This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for a copy if you do not have one.
Missed dose: Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
Tell your doctor about all other medicines you are using. This is especially important if you are a woman taking birth control pills while you are using bosentan.
Some medicines can affect how bosentan works. Tell your doctor if you are also using any of the following:Amiodarone, amprenavir, diltiazem, erythromycin, lopinavir/ritonavir, rifampin, ritonavir, sildenafil, or tacrolimus An antifungal medicine (such as fluconazole, itraconazole, or ketoconazole), a blood thinner (such as warfarin), or medicine to lower cholesterol or triglycerides (such as atorvastatin or lovastatin)
When Not To Use
This medicine can cause very serious birth defects. Use 2 forms of effective birth control while you are taking this medicine, and for at least 1 month after you stop. For example, use 1 hormonal method (such as birth control pills) and 1 barrier method (such as condoms). If you miss a period or think you have become pregnant while you are taking this medicine, tell your doctor right away.
Do not breastfeed while you are using this medicine.
This medicine may cause the following problems:Fluid retention Pulmonary edema Decreased sperm production
Do not stop using this medicine suddenly. Your doctor will need to slowly decrease your dose before you stop it completely.
Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments. Blood tests may be needed to check your liver function before you start this medicine and each month after that.
Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Possible side effects
Summary More details
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
Chest pain or shortness of breath
Fast, uneven, or pounding heartbeat
Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
More side effects of this drug
Brand names include
There may be other brand names for this medicine.